It’s a subtle distinction but crucial. This influence is what affects the environment. This may have been the first theory of psychology that did not reduce mind to something else, such as physics, behavior, or soul, and in this way structuralism prepared the way for functionalism. This scenario depends on the functionalist assumption that mental-states do not necessarily require brain-like materials or activity. Sociology is unlike any other type of science because it can be looked at from many different points of view. Dualism is favorable towards the idea of an incorporeal soul. ; the primary motivation for the philosophy is to explain the nature of mind, considering that previous explanations—dualism, behaviorism, and “identity theory,” have been rejected by almost all scientists and philosophers—and functionalism remains the most popular understanding of mind among scientists today. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); “One can imagine a computer simulation of the action of peptides in the hypothalamus that is accurate down to the last synapse. Flickr CC BY 2.0. https://www.boundless.com/users/493555/textbooks/sociology-cochise-college/gender-stratification-and-inequality-11/sociological-perspectives-on-gender-stratification-87/the-functionalist-perspective-503-4583/, Functionalist Perspective of Gender Inequality, Describe gender inequality from the view of the functionalist perspective, The feminist movement takes the position that. A structural-functionalist view of gender inequality applies the division of labor to view predefined gender roles as complementary: women take care of the home while men provide for the family. Generally speaking, structural functionalism views individuals as rational entities with agency. The functionalist perspective sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. 2016. For example, crime seems difficult to explain from the functionalist perspective; it seems to play little role in maintaining social stability. Barring miracles, you could not run your car by doing a computer simulation of the oxidation of gasoline, and you could not digest pizza by running the program that simulates such digestion. Hilary Putnam’s 1950 version of functionalism, where mind is thought to be made of states and the rules governing transitions between those states, which is also the abstract definition of a Turing machine — any digital computing device. * Nobody is conscious — not in the systematically mysterious way that supports such doctrines as epiphenomenalism. And the zombie thought experiment simply says that if it is possible to create a being that behaves just like a human, but without consciousness, then functionalism should be wrong. The elements of functionalist thought in sociology are found in the works of Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim. The Turing Test was proposed in 1950 by Alan Turing, the British scientist who created the modern theory of computing and built the first computers in order to break Nazi codes during WWII. Functional prerequisites may also refer to the factors that allow a society to maintain social order. Sociologists have discovered three very distinct theories as to how we should view our society. Functionalism is the most familiar or “received” view among philosophers of mind and cognitive science. A functionalist must believe that such zombies and human beings equally do or do not possess consciousness. Sociologists have discovered three very distinct theories as to how we should view our society. Thus gender, like other social institutions, contributes to the stability of society as a whole. Therefore, according to functionalism, the room has mental-states. Your email address will not be published. a.Consciousness belongs only to systems with something like neural activity, b.Any system that accomplishes the same information processing tasks as a human mind would be as conscious as a human being, c.Consciousness could exist independently of any physical system, d.Only systems that think in the same way as human beings can be conscious.