According to the 2010 census, more than half of the neighborhood was white, with blacks totaling approximately one-quarter of the population. Dylan, I just came across this piece this morning. At around the same time, in March of 1900, the Mount Sinai Hospital Association had also formed. Looked at in this way, South Philadelphia’s affective borders extend far past the river. Independence National Historical Park (INHP) Sites in Philadelphia. South Street Museum Papers, Historical Society of Philadelphia, 1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia. The Official Trail of Philadelphia’s Historic District, The Historic American Revolution Trail of Philadelphia. Similarly, Hog Island, once a shipbuilding facility, became the Philadelphia International Airport. The site has tons of potential. South Philadelphia’s roots lie with Lenni Lenape Indians who utilized the Delaware shoreline as source of food. From the very beginning, Philadelphians have been up to some strange shenanigans – from Ben Franklin’s desire to be electrocuted, to the whole “starting a revolution” thing. Philadelphia should be considered the birthplace of weird America. Transportation also joined South Philadelphia to the rest of the world, though the work opportunities this afforded were accompanied by serious upheaval for some. Tags:    architecture eds and meds health care Historic Preservation industrial history Louis Magaziner pennsport Shadow Knows South Philadelphia. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1996. The first major hurdle the hospital encountered was where to locate themselves. When Penn began planning Philadelphia, South Philadelphia was rural farmland outside the city center. These Jewish-owned shops were a less-expensive alternative to Center City’s department stores, and South Street bustled with shoppers looking for bargains. by Stephen M. Sitarski, Fante-Leone Public Pool Juliani, Richard. From its early days as a theater district, it evolved through various incarnations: from a locus for African American life to a center for immigrant-owned garment shops; from a depopulating backwater slated for destruction to a booming destination for hip consumers. While South Philadelphia’s large Italian immigrant community marked the neighborhood in many ways, an array of ethnic, racial, and religious groups have resided in South Philadelphia since the seventeenth century, making its history the history of immigration and working-class striving in Philadelphia. (Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries), By the early 1800s, South Street was becoming the epicenter of the city’s black community. by Shimrit Keddem, Social Reform Through Social Service: The Settlement Movement in South Philadelphia The New York Tribune sensationally reported that the districts of Southwark and Moyamensing “swarm with these loafers, who, brave only in gangs, herd together.” Moyamensing Prison (1400 S. Tenth Street), opened in 1835, was another sign of the neighborhood’s poverty and social and literal distance from the city center. With the turn of the twentieth century, new immigration added even more complexity to South Philadelphia. At the time, a city law was on the books stating that a hospital, especially one treating consumptives or immigrants (Mt. (Library Company of Philadelphia). Allegheny Health System took over Graduate in 1996, and didn’t even stay long enough to change the sign on the door. Deeply felt ties to South Philadelphia remained, nurtured through visits to family, friends, and churches for festivals, and trips to restaurants and specialty stores. However, in their response, the white group used racist language and attacked black students who attended the school, suggesting that the real goal was maintaining the whiteness of the neighborhood. Balch Institute of Ethnic Studies Collection, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia. South Philadelphia Map. After a brief period of Dutch habitation, the English settled … Tasting Freedom: Octavius Catto and the Battle for Equality in Civil War America. South Philadelphia’s roots lie with Lenni Lenape Indians who utilized the Delaware shoreline as source of food. The Nurses’ Home would be finished in 1924. U.S. District Court for the Eastern Dist. by Sarah Stippich, Hannah Is My Name, by Belle YangBound for America: The Story of the European Immigrants, by Milton MeltzerIn My Heart, I Am a Dancer, by Chamroeun Yin; photographs by Rene J. MarquezFrom Far Away, by Robert Munsch and Saoussan Askar; illustrated by Michael MartchenkoThe Giant Never Wins: Lakhon Bassac (Cambodian Folk Opera) in Philadelphia, by Koung Peang and Pun Nhiv; edited by Deborah KodishP Is for Philadelphia, by Susan Korman, South Philadelphia: Mummers, Memories, and the Melrose Diner, by Murray DubinPriest, Parish, and People: Saving the Faith in Philadelphia's "Little Italy", by Richard N. JulianiFrom Immigrant to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South Philadelphia, by Rakhmiel PeltzThe Forgotten Bottom Remembered: Stories from a Philadelphia Neighborhood, by August Tarrier and Susan HyattLeg@cies: Interesting Places to Explore on the Web, Food for Thought: Southwark Queen Village Community Garden (Visit Philadelphia). (Eleventh Street and Pattison Avenue) in 2012, when residents of the region have wanted to see a baseball or football game or go to a concert, they have come to South Philadelphia. From Immigrant to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South Philadelphia. By the twenty-first century, their descendants owned the farms, which employed Mexican and Vietnamese workers to pick the produce that is sent to the large Food Distribution Center on Pattison Avenue in South Philadelphia, completing the circle. Irish immigrants, who had been among the first settlers of Philadelphia, began to move south in the late eighteenth century, drawn by jobs like coal heaving along the banks of the Schuylkill, and they settled especially in Southwark and Moyamensing. (Photo by Mary Rizzo). Throughout this era, popular novels like William Gardner Smith’s South Street (1954) depicted it as a contact zone—a place where different ethnicities and social classes interacted. In the early 1990s, Graduate shut down the hospital’s emergency room and stopped practicing in conventional services. I would like to hear from anyone who lived in the area of 17th, 18th, or 19th and South Streets during the 40’s, 50’s and 60’s. While Southeast Asian immigration began in the 1970s as the Delaware Valley welcomed refugees, it rose dramatically beginning in the 1990s. Patrons at the 1,200-seat theater could see performances by Bessie Smith, Fats Waller, and other prominent black artists and entertainers. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998. Due to a huge influx of population from immigration mostly from Ireland and Italy, the Act of Consolidation in 1854 brought this southern area into Philadelphia proper. (Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries), In the decades that followed, South Street’s reputation for commerce and entertainment only grew. Drawn here due to the availability of work, each group fought to carve out a space for itself by establishing homes, families, and social institutions in this neighborhood that stretches from South Street to the I-76 expressway and from the Delaware to the Schuylkill Rivers.