[16] Hirsch, Afua. Mauritanian authorities issued an international arrest warrant on 28 December 2011. International, Military: France intervened in Mali in 2013, to assist the Malian government in regaining control of its northern territories from insurgents, including MUJAO. The three hostages were freed in July 2012 in exchange for $18 million and the release of three Islamists. Walid Abu Sarhaoui, the president of MOJWA's governing council, said: "We have carried out our threat. [34][35] On 2 June 2014 the government of Canada listed it as a terrorist group. On May 23, 2013, MOJWA and al [24], After Algeria arrested three Islamists leaders, MOJWA threatened to execute the hostages unless Algeria released Necib Tayeb, also known as Abderrahmane Abou Ishak Essoufi, a senior member of AQIM. Ag Acherif was wounded in the fighting and was evacuated to Burkina Faso for medical treatment. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) has origins dating back to October 2011, when Hamad al-Khairy and Ahmed el-Tilemsi founded it as an offshoot of al-Qa’ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM). Tawhid means monotheism. The Islamic State’s spokesman, Abu Muhammad al Adnani, quickly accepted Shekau’s loyalty oath and Boko Haram was rebranded as the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA). In that role, Sahrawi was allied with Mokhtar Belmokhtar, who was originally a commander in al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). In August 2013, Belmokhtar merged the Mulathameen Battalion with the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa to form Al Murabitoun or “Those Who Sign in Blood Brigade.” In declaring the merger, the groups said they wanted to unite jihadists from the Nile to the Atlantic “to confront the Zionist campaign against Islam and Muslims,” according to the Guardian . Specifically, they wanted to reach into West Africa and spread jihad in order to form a strict Sharia state. [10] Aidan Lewis, “Why the Sahra is not the ‘new Afghanistan’,” BBC News Africa, February 6, 2013. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-21299153; U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Terrorism, Foreign Terrorist Organizations, 2013. http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm, [11] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/. 2012-2013: Oumar Ould Hamaha headed security operations for MUJAO. [11][12] Omar Ould Hamaha was MOJWA's military commander ("chief of staff"),[13] before being killed by French security forces in March 2014. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MOJWA) was a splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb formed in October 2011. Founding leaders are Hamad al-Khairy and Ahmed el-Tilemsi, and Tilemsi also serves as a military leader of MUJAO, implying a chain of command within the leadership. [9] On 20 December 2012, the United Nations Security Council passed resolution 2085 which sanctioned the group as part of the "Al-Qaeda sanctions list."[10]. [9], [1] United Nations Security Council, Resolution 2085, December 20, 2012. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/2085%20%282012%29, [2] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [3] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [4] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [5] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [6] U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Terrorism, Foreign Terrorist Organizations, 2013. http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm, [7] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, [8] ”Belmokhtar’s militants ‘merge’ with Mali’s MUJAO,” BBC News Africa, August 22, 2013. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-23796920. Groups such as Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa managed to monopolize several drug … Fought against the government of Mali over territory in northern Mali in 2012 and 2013. [12] Benjamin Maiangwa, “West Africa’s Terrorist Challenge and the Dynamics of Regional Response,” Insight on Africa, 5 (2013): 8, doi: 10.1177/0975087813515979. Sahrawi previously served as the spokesman for the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO). The Polisario Front, which administers the refugee camps, initially blamed AQIM. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa is a splinter group of al Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb. 301.405.6600 | infostart@start.umd.edu, Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism, Subscribe to receive notifications about START Training Opportunities, Nuclear Facilities Attack Database (NuFAD), http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/2085%20%282012%29, http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-23796920, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-21299153, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/13/world/africa/kidnappings-fuel-extremists-in-western-africa.html?_r=0. Engage in and encourage jihad across West Africa. Alternative Names: MOJWA, Mouvement pour l’unicité et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest, MUJAO, Jamat Tawhid wal Jihad fi Garbi Afriqqiya and Jamaat Tawhid Wal Jihad Fi Garbi Ifriqiya, Al-Tawhid Wal Jihad in West Africa. [2] [7] Al-Qaeda-affiliated groups in Algeria, Mali, Niger and Mauritania had been present for at least a decade prior to the group's founding and escalated further following the 2011 Libyan civil war and the influx of weapons in the desert area. In the January 2013 Battle of Konna, MOJWA temporarily gained control of Konna before being forced to retreat by the Malian army and its allied French armed forces. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), one of the Islamist groups that had occupied the north before being pushed out by the French intervention launched on January 11, claimed the first attack, and had threatened earlier Saturday that there would be more. Anuncios relacionados con: Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa wikipedia [32][33], The United States listed it a terror group on 7 December 2012 and the United Nations two days earlier. [17] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [18] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [19] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/; ”Belmokhtar’s militants ‘merge’ with Mali’s MUJAO,” BBC News Africa, August 22, 2013. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-23796920, [20] Adam Nossiter, “Kidnappings Fuel Extremists In West Africa,” The New York Times, December 1, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/13/world/africa/kidnappings-fuel-extremists-in-western-africa.html?_r=0, [21] Xan Rice, “Q&A: The strength of Mali’s militants,” Financial Times, January 15, 2013. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/85851ea0-5f2f-11e2-8250-00144feab49a.html#axzz3OoblBeoI, [22] “Belmokhtar’s militants ‘merge’ with Mali’s MUJAO,” BBC News Africa, August 22, 2013. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-23796920 ; U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Terrorism, Foreign Terrorist Organizations, 2013. http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm, [23] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [24] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, [25] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, [26] Bill Roggio, “US adds MUJAO operative to terrorism list,” Global Relations Centre, August 21. http://grcsudan.org/en/issues/regional-stability-/2352-us-adds-mujao-operative-to-terrorism-list, [27] Jacob Zenn, “Boko Haram’s International Connections,” Combating Terrorism at West Point Sentinel, [28] Bill Roggio, “US adds MUJAO operative to terrorism list,” Global Relations Centre, August 21. http://grcsudan.org/en/issues/regional-stability-/2352-us-adds-mujao-operative-to-terrorism-list, [29] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [30] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, [31] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, [32] “US posts $18m bounty for four African militants,” Daily News Egypt, June 14, 2014. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/06/14/us-posts-18m-bounty-four-african-militants/, [33] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, [34] Jean-Philippe Remy, “Anarchy and death in Mali,” International New York Times, November 11, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/opinion/anarchy-and-death-in-mali.html?_r=1&, University of Maryland, College Park