Dolphins live in all of the world’s seas and oceans; many inhabit coastal areas or areas with shallower water.

Industrial, agricultural, and human pollution is another serious cause of habitat degradation. Some species will also use their flukes to beat and stun their prey. Even though their scientific name – Elephas maximus – means “largest or greatest elephant” Asian elephants are smaller than their African cousins but are Asia’s largest land animal. While WWF works to conserve a viable population of Indus River dolphin and protect its habitat. Their global population has declined by 50% over the last 20 years and there may be as few as 2,500 individuals remaining in their native habitat.

WWF is using quadcopter drones to track and count Amazon River dolphins—a method that’s swifter and potentially more accurate than traditional monitoring by humans. They get most of their food from the bottom of the rivers and their diet includes crustaceans, fish, mollusks and aquatic plants. There are a few species, however, like the South Asian river dolphin and the Amazon river dolphin, or boto, that live in freshwater streams and rivers. The very large Orca dolphin may also eat marine mammals such as seals or marine birds such as penguins.

Red pandas are considered endangered. Ganges river dolphins are divided into isolated groups because of the construction of more than 50 dams and other irrigation-related projects.

They also have less food because dams disturb the migration, breeding cycles and habitat of fish and other prey.

The table below mentions the relevant facts about the National Aquatic Animal of India: National Aquatic Animal of India – UPSC Notes:-Download PDF Here. The rivers they inhabit measure from less than 10 to nearly 30 feet deep. Join us to make change.

Red pandas have a red or orange face, black nose, white muzzle, whiskers and fuzzy white or yellowish, ears. This ancient species is scientifically called Platanista gangetica, and it's classified in two subspecies, the Ganges river dolphin ( P. g. gangetica) and the Indus river dolphin ( P. g. minor ).

The shift in livelihood helps develop the economy, stop overfishing, and gives communities a central role in saving an iconic species.

The Ganges river dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind. Also known as the boto or ‘pink river dolphin,’ the Amazon River dolphin swims throughout much of the famed South American river basin and the neighboring Orinoco river basin that stretches through Colombia and Venezuela.

This is a group of aquatic mammals that consists of nearly 89 living species. They are only found in the freshwater river systems of South Asia. Platanista gangetica (South Asian river dolphin) Subspecies: Platanista gangetica gangetica (Ganges river dolphin) Platanista gangetica minor (Indus river dolphin) Conservation Status .

It is used for breathing, smelling, drinking, feeding, manipulating objects, communication, sound production, defense and assisting calves.

Indus river dolphins, P. gangetica minor.

And while they're most commonly associated with oceans, dolphins—and porpoises—can actually be found in several major rivers on two continents. We can’t protect the Ganges river dolphin without the help of local communities. Dam construction fragments populations and limits the species’ range and ability to breed.

They can be easily identified by their long snout, a particular characteristic of all river dolphins. This species length ranges from 78.7 to 157.48 in (2 to 4 meters) and their weight from 112 to 196 lb (51 to 89 kg).

WWF is helping to coordinate actions to protect the Bolivian river dolphin, learn more about the species, and preserve aquatic habitats so both dolphins and humans can thrive.

Founded by Brian Williams in 2007, Red Panda Network has become a world leader in efforts to protect red pandas and their habitat. But the bones within the forelimbs of dolphins have been shortened and made more rigid by supporting connective tissue. There are dolphins in every ocean on Earth, and there are freshwater species of dolphins that inhabit rivers in South Asian and South American.
The declaration was made in 2009 in the National Ganga River Basin Authority’s (NGRBA) first meeting.

River guards also help track the dolphins and enforce sustainable fishing practices to help the population. Both subspecies of the South Asian River Dolphin are physically identical. They are threatened by poaching for their ivory and skin as well. Their eyes are extremely small and lack a lens making them blind. If it becomes too cold, red pandas may lower their metabolism and are far less active or almost dormant. Whale, Dolphin, or Porpoise - Characteristics of Different Cetaceans, Differences Between Baleen and Toothed Whales, Homeschooling Resources for Learning About Dolphins, Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/dolphins/, www.fisheries.noaa.gov/dolphins-porpoises, M.S., Applied Ecology, Indiana University Bloomington, B.S., Biology and Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Sadly, this beautiful species is severely endangered in its two varieties, and we may be facing the extinction of the South Asian river dolphin. Ganges river dolphins and people both favor areas of the river where fish are plentiful and the water current is slower. South Asia River Dolphin distribution map. Their snout is long and thin with sharp teeth exposed especially near the tip.

Elephants go through six sets of molars in their lifetime. Within the dolphins' elongated jaw bone sits numerous conical teeth (some species have as many as 130 teeth in each jaw).

Calves are cared for by its mother and other females of the herd referred to as “aunties”.

The average life expectancy is around 10 years in the wild but can live into their teens in human care.

The basin scored a B-, showing a basin in transition, facing real and immediate threats from land use change, loss of forest cover, and ecosystem transformation.

Each river dolphin species is classified in its own unique family.

The number of freshwater fish species—at least 1,100—is second only to the Amazon River.

Their digestive system is more like other carnivores than herbivores and only about 24% of plant matter eaten is digested, so they spend a lot of time sleeping to conserve energy.

Sand mining and illegal fishing also impact the species. Found among the rivers and waterways of India, stretching from the foothills of the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south is a site not many would expect. The Ganges river dolphin is still hunted for meat and oil, which are both used medicinally. We’ve developed community fishery management zones to help sustainably manage fish and prevent dolphins from accidental capture in nets and other equipment.

Ganges river dolphins, P. gangetica gangetica, and 2.

They are frequently found alone or in small groups, and generally a mother and calf travel together.

Another small, isolated population can be found in the Beas River in India. Because of their great intelligence, dolphins have been used for military exercises and therapeutic support. The river dolphins will use their long snout with a quick snapping action to grab their prey, similar to crocodiles.