The jury returned a verdict of manslaughter. Let's look at an example. Although the typical sentence construct is subject + verb + direct object, not every sentence follows this exact formula. The old man at the head of the line was holding a Darth Vader lightsaber. We must rise. We’ll start with the most basic form. (See What is a verb? One way to think about the subject is to say that the subject is the who or what part of the subject-verb pair. These subjects contain two or more nouns or pronouns. ), In this sentence, the subject is "Jennifer" and the verb is "walked.". We know three things are generally required to create a complete sentence: subject + verb + direct object. ", In this sentence, the subject is "you" and the verb is "were. Email the Writing Center at email@example.com. The verb in this sentence is “is.” It’s one of the most popular linking verbs, which are slightly more difficult to label than action verbs. The verb is carrying out the action or linking the subject to further information. You can begin by asking yourself what’s valuable? Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Identifying the Sentence Subject in French, Exercises in Identifying Subjects and Verbs, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Email the form and style editors at firstname.lastname@example.org. Below (in bold) are the answers to the exercise. The woman in the back of the room asked a question. In this example, the compound subject is Winnie and her sister: In a declarative sentence, as we've seen, the subject usually appears before the predicate: In an interrogative sentence, however, the subject usually appears after a helping verb (such as will) and before the main verb (such as return): Finally, in an imperative sentence, the implied subject you is said to be "understood": In each of the following sentences, the subject is in italics. They are: simple subjects, compound subjects, and noun phrases. But, the better question is, \"Who or what ran?\" The dog. All Rights Reserved. Toni. For more on this topic, here are 20 rules of subject-verb agreement. Examples of Subjects. Here’s an example: The next person to speak out of turn will spend the afternoon in detention. In the sentence, the subject is "I" and the verb is "will call. A noun phrase is a group of words that function together like a noun. And the direct object is receiving the action of the verb. In this sentence, the predicate (the part that’s modifying, or providing further information about the subject) is placed at the beginning of the sentence. The subject is typically a noun ("The dog..."), a noun phrase ("My sister's Yorkshire terrier..."), or a pronoun ("It..."). A Note About Subjects in Questions and Commands, Practice Exercise in Identifying Subject and Object Complements, Understanding the Concept of Subjects in Spanish, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Constituent: Definition and Examples in Grammar, Predicators or Main Verbs in English Grammar. The subject is sometimes called the naming part of a sentence or clause. What is the sentence about? Was this helpful? The … It’s one person or thing, or one word (in addition to the article “the”). A subject may be one word or several words. The subject is the noun that's doing or being something. And there we have the subject of the sentence. 0, Center for Global, Professional, and Applied Learning, Statistical Tests: Probability and Regression, Statistical Tests: Tests of Mean Differences, Mastering the Mechanics Part 1: Simple Sentences, the Writing Center's self-paced grammar modules, the Writing Center's Paper Reviews webpage, Office of Student Experiential Learning Services, Visit the Writing Center's website to read more about. When you're done, compare your answers with those below. In English grammar, a subject is one of the two main parts of a sentence. 0 My brother and his best friend are forming a band. Subject, direct object, and indirect object Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Here, we have a noun phrase. And there we have the subject of the sentence. Using the examples in this article as a guide, identify the subjects in the following sentences. Help us do better. In English grammar, the subject is the part of a sentence or clause that commonly indicates (a) what it is about, or (b) who or what performs the action (that is, the agent). Want to peruse other writing resources? It's doing something, in this case, running. You could also say the subject of a sentence is what it's about. The dog is carrying out the action. It’s interesting to seek out the verb first and then search for the subject. Or, perhaps the better approach is to become a verb master. When you say, “He and I are going to the mall,” you use the subject pronouns he and I. In an active sentence, the subject is the agent: The Johnsons added a double garage to their house. That’s true enough. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow.