Russian on the other hand, has a gender for every noun. For masculine nouns: Nouns ending in -ь can be either masculine or feminine. Add the plural ending И if the original singular form of a Russian noun is masculine or feminine and ends in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, a vowel letter, or a soft sign. Remember that there are no definite or indefinite articles in Russian. Keep in mind that in Russian the hardness or softness of a stem should always be preserved as you put endings on it. Masculine nouns ending in the nominative in -a or -я, such as мужч и на, д я дя, are declined like feminine nouns. Most masculine and feminine nouns in the nominative plural will have the ending -ы if the noun stem ends in a hard consonant: Hard stem masculine nouns have zero ending (no ending), so we simply add -ы to form the plural (in other words, we replace zero by -ы): журналØ-> журналы. Russian literary syntax is a combination of a Church Slavonic heritage, a variety of loaned and adopted constructs, and a standardized vernacular foundation. For example, книгИ, ручкИ, ножИ, тетрадИ, ключИ Many nouns have, besides the ending -a or … Rules for the Genitive Case. For example, письмо (pees-MO, 'letter') ends in an -o, so it is grammatically neuter. Notes. Neuter nouns end in о or е. This guide will go through the rules to help you figure out the genders of nouns in the Russian language. The letter ь and the vowel letters я, е, ё, ю, и indicate that the preceding consonant is soft. Russian grammar employs an Indo-European inflexional structure, with considerable adaptation.. Russian has a highly inflectional morphology, particularly in nominals (nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals). So if you think that table is genderless, you're wrong. The best way to tell the gender of such nouns is to memorize it as you progress with your Russian language study. One of the main differences between Russian and English is the fact that every Russian noun belongs to one of the 3 genders: masculine, feminine or neuter. In Russian, however, there are different possible endings to mark the plural. To form the plural of an English noun, in most cases, we only have to add an -s (house ⇒ houses). These just have to be memorised. Animate nouns (alive) : Same as the genitive plural. Knowing the gender of a noun is important as it affects the endings the noun takes in different cases. If you are not sure how to tell if a consonant is hard or soft, review the section on palatalization. Nouns ending in the soft sign -ь can be either masculine or feminine: день (day - masculine), жизнь (life - feminine). Chair is a masculine noun in Russian, and you refer to it as “him”. ; A soft stem is a stem that ends in a soft consonant. So, in Russian, nouns have an intrinsic property called 'gender', which comes in three types: masculine, feminine, and neuter. 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