Whether or not you perform genetic testing for health reasons or to learn more about your ancestry is an entirely personal decision. Let us have a look at the various reasons why genetic testing is carried out. In genetics, it refers to the process of making an identical copy of the DNA of an organism.…. Genetic privacy may be compromised if testing companies use your genetic information in an unauthorized way or if your data is stolen.

The results of genetic testing may impact your ability to obtain life, disability, or long-term care insurance. They not only give you information about your ancestry and heritage, but you’ll also have a foundation for making important lifestyle and health decisions. Educate family members about potential risks: Once a medical condition is diagnosed in the family, others should be educated to about the potential risks and make the right decisions. The tests help to understand how genetics affects your body, health, and how the genes result in certain diseases or conditions. The bottom line, that genetic testing is all about probabilities, is something which everyone has to bear in mind. The Promising Yet Unsettling Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering, Embryonic Stem Cell Research Pros and Cons, These Pros and Cons of Cloning are Both Fascinating and Scary. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Joel is a writer with a passion for the science of DNA and the power of its manipulation.

A test could help doctors learn if you or your family have certain patterns of disease. Determine parenthood: Genetic testing determines the parenthood of a child in cases of child custody and support.

Newborns with genetic disorders can receive early treatment to correct the genes. Genetic testing is used for biochemical tests for various gene products like the enzymes, proteins, etc. DNA is short for deoxyribonucleic acid. It allows them to understand themselves better and explore the roots of their family trees. Learn about the different types of biology degrees, schools, and jobs available for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Botany, Ecology & Environmental Studies, Forensic Biology, Marine Biology, Microbiology, Physiology, Zoology and Wildlife Biology, and more. The test detects the unique DNA and helps in determining who is the father of the child. Discrimination: People with a certain condition may be discriminated and termed as abnormal. While genetic engineering can lead to introduction of greater quality traits in organisms, it can also have undesirable side effects. Diseases like cancer can be somewhat predicted and precautions can be taken in such cases. When using biochemical testing, the protein found in the tissue sample used is unstable. These cookies do not store any personal information. Do you have an elevated genetic cancer risk?

Early prevention and treatment: Genetic testing can enable individuals to take up early prevention, monitoring and treatment option once a disorder is identified. Modern kits are non-invasive and affordable.

This information also provides peace of mind if you learn you lack the risk factors for certain health concerns that run in your family.

Whether or not you take a genetic test is a personal decision. A DNA testing is ordered to solve any disputes. 4.

Copyright © Biology Wise & Buzzle.com, Inc. To understand genetic testing better and know whether you should go for it, look at the following pros and cons. A few examples of the cons of genetic testing: Learning that you have a higher risk than others for a health problem is stressful. Cons of Genetic Testing The fact that genetic testing is not available for all the kinds of genes in the body is one of its biggest drawbacks. 7. And if those people would rather not know about those risks, that’s their right. Not everyone is eligible: To get tested, a loved one must already have been affected by a disease or disorder — and been genetically tested, too. They are treated differently at home and in the workplace. Reliability: Testing positive for cancer cells may not mean that you will get cancer as well as having a negative test is not a guarantee you’re safe. Limited information: Although you can get tests about the genetic disorder, the tests cannot tell the severity of the condition. What’s right for you might not be the same as what’s right for someone else. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The reason? The tests help to understand how genetics affects your body, health, and how the genes result in certain diseases or conditions. Regular check ups and visits to the doctors can help determine the stages or onset of the suspected disease with the help of genetic testing which is always a better option. Genetic testing is used to identify genetic disorders, and involves a detailed study of the DNA molecule. Genetic testing is a great tool for helping parents make decisions about their child’s health and life. The set of two genes that is mentioned here is the pair which is made out of the parent’s genes, one from the father and the other one from the mother.